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Gene Associated With Autism Evolved Recently

Human geneticists have discovered that a region of the genome associated with autism contains genetic variation that evolved in the last 250,000 years, after the divergence of humans from ancient hominids, and likely plays an important role in disease. Their findings were presented recently at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2014 Annual Meeting in San Diego. Researchers at the University of Washington analyzed the genomes of 2,551 humans, 86 apes, one Neanderthal, and one Denisovan. They ...

Posted on: October 22, 2014
First Autism-Friendly Pediatric Emergency Department

A trip to the emergency room can be unpleasant for anyone in pain or discomfort. But for children and adolescents with autism, the fast-paced environment and bright lighting only adds to the trauma."For patients with autism and for their families or caregivers, this can be a nightmare experience," said Olga Goldfarb, MD, director of the Autism Program at Capital Health's Institute for Neurosciences. "They have problems interacting and approaching other people. It can be very scary for those with ...

Posted on: October 21, 2014
October 22: International Stuttering Awareness Day

"Each year, International Stuttering Awareness Day gives us such a wonderful platform to remind the global stuttering community about our resources, many of which are available for free to people who stutter as well as their family and friends," said Jane Fraser, president of the Stuttering Foundation. "Help is always available for anyone who wants it."In addition to our website -- -- which attracts more than 48 million unique visitors each year, we offer a number of ways to get ...

Posted on: October 20, 2014
Broccoli Sprouts A Treatment For Autism?

Results of a small clinical trial suggest that a chemical derived from broccoli sprouts -- and best known for claims that it can help prevent certain cancers -- may ease classic behavioral symptoms in those with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).The study, a joint effort by scientists at Mass General Hospital for Children and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, involved 40 teenage boys and young men, ages 13 to 27, with moderate to severe autism.In a report published online in the journal ...

Posted on: October 18, 2014
Mouse Version Of ASD Improves With Synthetic Oil

When young mice with the rodent equivalent of a rare autism spectrum disorder (ASD), called Rett syndrome, were fed a diet supplemented with the synthetic oil triheptanoin, they lived longer than mice on regular diets. Importantly, their physical and behavioral symptoms were also less severe after being on the diet, according to results of new research from The Johns Hopkins University.Researchers involved in the study think that triheptanoin improved the functioning of mitochondria, energy factories ...

Posted on: October 17, 2014
Childhood Eating Difficulties a Sign of Psychological Issues?

Researchers at the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine children's hospital are warning parents that difficult eaters could have underlying psychological issues, as they have found that restrictive behaviors can appear before puberty. "Many researchers believe that bulimia only appears at adolescence, but our studies indicate that the problem can arises much earlier. It is possible that it is currently under-diagnosed due to a lack of awareness and investigation," explained ...

Posted on: October 16, 2014
Multicenter Research Network for Eosinophilic Disorders

The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia has joined a new consortium recently announced by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to advance the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases called eosinophilic disorders.A five-year, $6.25 million NIH grant will establish the Consortium of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Researchers, or CEGIR.Eosinophilic disorders involve an excessive number of white blood cells called eosinophils within the gastrointestinal tract. As components of the immune system, ...

Posted on: October 15, 2014
Improving Cultural Sensitivity in Cognition Testing

The signs of dementia are the same in any language. And symptoms of traumatic brain injury are similar regardless of socioeconomic status or place of birth. But the tools neuropsychologists use to assess and measure cognitive ability are not necessarily standardized from one country to another - or even from one neighborhood to another nearby.Enrique Lopez, PsyD, director of the Health Psychology Training Program and assistant professor in the Cedars-Sinai Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral ...

Posted on: October 14, 2014
Parent Coaching Benefits Children with Autism

A parent coaching intervention brings meaningful benefits for preschool-aged children with autism-spectrum disorders (ASD), according to a clinical trial in the October Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.The "Play and Language for Autistic Youngsters" (PLAY) Project approach yields improved parent-child ...

Posted on: October 13, 2014
Neurosis Increases Women's Chance of Getting Alzheimer's

Here's one more thing to stress about. Neurosis -- characterized by feelings of anxiety, jealousy and moodiness -- in middle-age is being linked to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease in women, according to a new study in the journal Neurology.But don't keep fretting."All common disorders like Alzheimer's disease or cardiovascular disease are multi-factorial and this is one of the factors," Dr. Ingmar Skoog, the study's senior author from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, told ...

Posted on: October 11, 2014
Memory Loss Associated with Alzheimer's Reversed

Patient one had two years of progressive memory loss. She was considering quitting her job, which involved analyzing data and writing reports, she got disoriented driving, and mixed up the names of her pets. Patient two kept forgetting once familiar faces at work, forgot his gym locker combination, and had to have his assistants constantly remind him of his work schedule. Patient three's memory was so bad she used an iPad to record everything, then forgot her password. Her children noticed she commonly ...

Posted on: October 10, 2014
Lift Weights, Improve Your Memory

Here's another reason why it's a good idea to hit the gym: it can improve memory. A new Georgia Institute of Technology study shows that an intense workout of as little as 20 minutes can enhance episodic memory, also known as long-term memory for previous events, by about 10% in healthy young adults.The Georgia Tech research isn't the first to find that exercise can improve memory. But the study, which was just published in the journal Acta Psychologica, took a few new approaches. While many existing ...

Posted on: October 09, 2014
SLP Center utilizes App, OperaVOX for Therapy Programs

Speech-Language Pathology Center,  Norwell, Mass., a nationally recognized provider of innovative, professional speech and language therapy, has announced the introduction of a high-tech app for use in its voice therapy programs.Tammy Taylor, MS, CCC-SLP, the Center's founder and Jordyn Sims, MS, CF-SLP, the center's lead voice therapist, said that the Center is using the OperaVOX app s an integral tool in its voice therapy treatment for patients.OperaVOX is designed specifically for professionals ...

Posted on: October 08, 2014
Alzheimer's: Emotion Remain After Memories Fade

A new University of Iowa study further supports an inescapable message: caregivers have a profound influence -- good or bad -- on the emotional state of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. Patients may not remember a recent visit by a loved one or having been neglected by staff at a nursing home, but those actions can have a lasting impact on how they feel.The findings of this study are published in the September 2014 issue of the journal Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, and can be viewed online for ...

Posted on: October 07, 2014
Pitt Awarded Grant for Genetic Studies of Cleft Lip, Palate

Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine have been awarded a $11.8 million, five-year grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, part of the National Institutes of Health, to continue their exploration of the genetic roots of cleft lip and cleft palate and to expand the effort to include populations in Colombia, Nigeria, the Philippines and Pennsylvania.Orofacial clefts (OFCs), which are small gaps in the lip or palate that can form when a baby's ...

Posted on: October 06, 2014
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